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      新世界日語培訓課免費試聽啦!
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      大家一起來啃新概念第四冊:第五課(下)

      責任編輯:丁珍妮 發表時間:2011/7/6 字號調整:字體縮小|字體放大

      5-8. They have an air of freedom, and they have not a dreary commitment to mean ambitions or love of comfort.

      【譯文】他們無拘無束,不枯燥地沉湎于卑鄙的名利和物質享受。

      【單詞和短語】

      dreary:枯燥無味的;單調的;令人生厭的(dull and making you feel sad or bored),

      例如:
      a dreary meeting 枯燥的會議

      mean:卑鄙的(cruel and not kind),

      例如:
      a mean motive 卑鄙的動機

      It is mean to spread gossip about others.
      散布有關他人的流言蜚語是卑鄙的。

      5-9. They are not anxious social climbers, and they have no devotion to material things.

      【譯文】他們不是社會上那些急切向上爬的人,也不一味追求物質享受。

      【單詞和短語】

      devotion:專心,熱心,專心(the loyalty that you show towards a person, job etc, especially by working hard),

      例如:
      sb.’s devotion of time and money to the project
      某人對這一項目所花費的時間和金錢

      Two devotions have filled her life.
      她的生活被兩樣他所專注的事情占據了。

      5-10. All this seems to me to link them with life, and the origins of things.

      【譯文】在我看來,所有這些使他們與生命以及萬物的起源聯系在了一起。

      【講解】all this seems to me to link…中to me乃插入語。link…with…意為“把……同……聯系起來”。them指年輕人。

      【單詞和短語】

      origin:起源;來源;由來,起因(the place or situation in which something begins to exist),

      例如:
      the origin of the universe 宇宙的起源
      a word of Latin origin 源自拉丁語的詞語

      5-11. It's as if they were, in some sense, cosmic beings in violent and lovely contrast with us suburban creatures.

      【譯文】從某種意義上講,他們似乎是超凡脫俗之人,同我們這些見識短淺的俗物形成鮮明而有趣的對照。

      【講解】as if they were…suburban creatures是表語從句,were是虛擬語氣結構。in violent and lovely contrast with作定語修飾cosmic beings。suburban creatures作us的同位語,注意這里作者用creatures(生物)指人,即“以種代類”,屬提喻(synecdoche)修辭手法。

      【單詞和短語】

      suburban:有郊區(人)特點的;<貶>平淡乏味的;古板的(boring and typical of people who live in the suburbs),

      例如:
      a suburban lifestyle 郊區生活方式

      5-12. All that is in my mind when I meet a young person.

      【譯文】每逢遇到年輕人,我就想到這些。

      【講解】all that is in my mind中all that指上文提到的事。a young person中的a表示類別,意即“年輕人”,不是指某個年輕人。

      5-13. He may be conceited, ill-mannered, presumptuous or fatuous, but I do not turn for protection to dreary clichés about respect of elders—as if mere age were a reason for respect.

      【譯文】年輕人也許狂妄自負,舉止無理,傲慢放肆,愚昧無知,但我決不求助于要尊重長者云云的陳詞濫調來為維護自己的尊嚴,似乎唯有年長才是受人尊敬的理由。

      【講解】he乃承a young person而選用。to turn to…for …為……求助于……。for protection作turn的目的狀語,位置提前是為了使句子更加緊湊。dreary clichés about respect of elders作to的賓語。about respect of elders作clichés的定語。for elders作respect的定語。句中的破折號引出被強調的部分。

      【單詞和短語】

      conceited:自負的,自高自大的,驕傲自滿的(someone who is conceited thinks they are very clever, skillful, beautiful etc),名詞形式為conceit。

      presumptuous:專橫的,自行其是的,傲慢的,冒昧的,放肆的(doing sth. that you have no right to do and that seems rude),

      例如:
      It would be presumptuous for anybody to offer such a view.
      任何人提出這種觀點都是放肆的。

      fatuous:愚笨的,昏庸的,蠢的(very silly or stupid),名詞形式為fatuity,

      例如:
      fatuous talk 昏話
      Television commercials seem more fatuous than ever.
      電視廣告節目似乎比以往任何時候更沒意思了。

      5-14. I accept that we are equals, and I will argue with him, as an equal, if I think he is wrong.

      【譯文】我篤信我們是平等的。如果我認為他們錯了,我就以平等的身份和他們爭個明白。

      【單詞和短語】

      equal:同等的人(someone who is as important, intelligent etc as you are, or who has the same rights and opportunities as you do),

      例如:
      Mix with your equals or betters. 與同你相仿或更好的人交往。

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