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      新概念第二冊自學導讀 Lessons15

      責任編輯:丁珍妮 發表時間:2011/7/6 字號調整:字體縮小|字體放大

      課文詳注 Further notes on the text

      1.The secretary told me that Mr. Harmsworth would see me. 秘書告訴我說哈姆斯沃斯先生要見我。

      would 在這里不是表示單純的過去將來時,而是表示“想……”、“要……”的意思:

      What would you like to have?

      你想要吃(喝)什么?

      John wouldn't lend me his bicycle.

      約翰不愿意把他的自行車借給我。

      2.He did not look up from his desk when I entered. 我進去的時候,他連頭也沒抬。

      在這句話的look up中,look是它的本義“看”、“瞧”。look up一般表示原先在埋頭干什么之后抬頭看:

      He looked up(from his book)when he heard a noise.

      他聽到聲音后就抬起了頭。(原先在讀書)

      3.I knew that my turn had come. 我知道這次該輪到我了。

      turn在這里是名詞,意為“輪流”、“輪班”、“(依次輪流時各自的)一次機會”:

      I have already asked two questions. Now it's your turn.

      我已經問了兩個問題。該輪到你了。

      When his turn came, he couldn't speak any word.

      輪到他時,他卻一個字也說不出來。

      4.‘Mr. Harmsworth,’I said in a weak voice.“哈姆斯沃斯先生,”我無力地說。

      weak在這里不是指身體虛弱,而是指聲音“微弱”、“無力”,因為怕被開除而感到緊張。

      5.Then he smiled and told me I would receive an extra thousand pounds a year!

      然后他微笑了一下告訴我說,我每年將得到

      1,000英鎊的額外收入。

      (1)extra 表示“額外的”、“外加的”、“份外的”:

      On Sundays, I usually get some extra sleep.

      星期天我通常要多睡一會兒。

      Last month, he was paid an extra hundred pounds.

      他上個月多得了100英鎊。

      (2)a在這里可譯為“每一”:

      I went to London once a month.

      我每月去一次倫敦。

      Jack telephoned Pauline four times a day.

      杰克每天給波琳打4次電話。

      語法 Grammar in use

      間接引語(Indirect speech)

      把某人所說的話告訴另外一個人時,應該使用間接引語(有的語法書稱之為“轉述引語”)。引述動詞(如say,tell)可能是現在時,也可能是過去時(最常用)。間接陳述句的時態往往受引述動詞的影響。引述陳述句時最常用的動詞是say和tell。它們之間的區別是tell后面必須跟表示人稱的間接賓語(tell sb….),而say后面則可跟或不跟to +講話對象。如果需要提到聽話者,tell +間接賓語通常比say + to +sb. 更常用。在say和tell后面一般不可加逗號。如果間接引語中的引述動詞是現在時,那么其后的時態通常與原來口頭陳述句的時態相同。轉述剛剛說完的話時通常如此;引述動詞如果是過去時,那么間接引語中的時態通常要“往回移”(即“倒移”)。一條普遍的規則是“現在時變為過去時,過去時變為過去完成時”。直接引語:

      ‘I can see him now!’

      “我現在可以見他!”

      詞匯學習 Word study

      1.nervous adj.

      (1)神經質的,神經緊張的:

      She is a nervous woman. Do you see that nervous smile on her face?

      她是個神經質的女人。你看見她臉上那種神經質的微笑了嗎?

      (2)緊張的,擔心的,情緒不安的:

      I feel very nervous before exams.

      我在考試前感到非常緊張。

      He had never spoken in public, so he was very nervous.

      他從未當眾講過話,因此他非常緊張。

      (3)與nervous容易混淆的另一個詞是 irritable(易怒的,急躁的):

      Our teacher is an irritable old lady. She gets angry easily.

      我們的老師是位脾氣急躁的老太太。她很容易生氣。

      2.afford vt.

      (1)買得起(常與can連用):

      We can/can't afford a car this year.

      我們今年買得起/買不起小汽車。

      (2)擔負得起(損失、后果等),花得起(時間)(常與can連用):

      I can't afford to be ill again.

      我不能再病了。

      I can only afford one week for the trip.

      我只能為這次旅行抽出一周的時間。

      (3)提供,給予:

      Joe afforded us a room for the night.

      那天晚上喬為我們提供了一個房間過夜。

      練習答案 Key to written exercises

      1.關鍵句型練習答案

      A 1a The secretary told me that Mr. Harmsworth would see me.

      b‘Mr. Harmsworth will see you. ’

      2 a Mr. Harmsworth said that business was very bad.

      b ‘Business is very bad.’

      3 a Mr. Harmsworth told me that the firm could not afford to pay such large salaries.

      b ‘The firm cannot afford to pay such large salaries. ’

      B 1 told… would come/would be coming

      2 said…(had) cut

      3 told… had never played

      4 did he say…had done/would do

      5 did he tell…(had) bought/would buy

      6 said…could not

      7 said…(had) worked

      8 told…wrote/writes/had never written

      9 did you say…were/had been

      10 said…would wait

      2.難點練習答案

      1 study  2 office  3 nervous  4 afford  5 irritable

      3.多項選擇題答案

      1d  2b  3c  4b  5c  6d

      7a  8d  9c  10c  11c  12b

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